Some people think getting old is entirely bad, but other people do think it’s much better for old people to live now than in the past. Please show your idea with explanation, examples and your knowledge.
本题需要论证的对立观点是：年老很糟糕 vs. 当今社会年老没有那么糟糕。那么，变老有哪些坏处呢?首先，当然是身体条件没有以前好了，甚至可能出现多种疾病(物质层面);其次，不工作了，与人的联系少了，心里可能会感觉孤单，甚至感觉没有价值了(精神层面);最后，变老后对社会的依赖程度更高，给社会增加了压力(社会层面)。那么，这些问题在当今社会是不是得到了解决呢?首先，医疗条件的改善有助于保持老年人的身体状况;互联网的出现有助于缓解老年人的心理孤单问题;物质水平的提高也降低了老年人给社会造成的压力。如此观之，现代社会老年人的生活的确容易多了，但我的观点是：外部条件只是改善老年人生活的一个方面，最重要的还是老年人自己要积极调整心态，努力适应退休后的生活，从而过一个更幸福更祥和的晚年。
It has become a common phenomenon for people in a number of countries to enjoy an increasing life expectancy. While some people believe it is horrible just to imagine getting old , I think the situation has completely changed comparing to decades ago and now elderly people can lead a happy life.
In some cases, the seniors do experience empty nest syndrome because their children are away from home. However, things are different nowadays. There are numerous residential homes with trained carers in a country and they have become a perfect place for the elderly to stay after retirement, where the elderly will not feel lonely and bored with the company of their peers.
Another concern for numerous senior citizens is the health problem. In the past, without advanced medical science, the seniors tend to suffer from various kinds of diseases, which decrease their quality of life at great extent. By contrast, the medical science is developing at an amazing speed and this trend can at least delay the onset of some chronic conditions and with healthy body, the elderly can enjoy happier lives.
Apart from the two factors discussed above, instead of feeling useless or frustrated, elderly people can work beyond the retirement age or devote themselves to somewhere else to enrich their life. For example, a friend of my grandfather work as a part time doctor in his local community. In this way, not only does he make best use of his time, but also help a number of neighbours.
To sum up, I hold the viewpoint that with the development of society and care from family members, elderly people can enjoy a more satisfying and meaningful life.
Getting old is a natural process that nobody really likes. When you reach a certain age, your physical conditions will inevitably deteriorate, and you may suffer from various kinds of diseases. When you retire, you will feel isolated because your previous work contacts may be all gone, then you may feel useless to the world. Furthermore, when you get too old, you’ll have to rely heavily on the support from others, either physically or emotionally, and your life will become a great pressure to your family and the whole society as well.
For all these bad things about getting old, many people argue that the life of the elderly today is much easier than in the past. In the first place, medical advances nowadays have made it possible for the old people to stay sound and healthy for quite a long while even after they retire. Diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and heart attack which might have inflicted pain on the old people are no longer serious problems for them. Then, with the widespread use of modern communication technology, old people today are no longer isolated from the world. Instead, by using their personal social media, they can always stay in touch with their families and friends, and share with them whatever they find interesting in their life. In this way, they do not really feel lonely or abandoned. Finally, the improved social wealth and pension system have also significantly reduced the pressure the old people pose to their families and communities.
So, I do agree that the old people today are enjoying a much more comfortable life than, say, thirty years ago (not to mention 100). That is why, instead of being worried about their retired life, many people even begin to expect their retirement to come, because they see this as a new beginning of their life. I think, as long as the old people have the right attitude, the modern world has indeed much to offer for their happy, enjoyable and rewarding retired life.
When it comes to the issue about the life quality of the elderly, some people argue that the life quality of the old has been improved a lot, but others believe that individuals still dread growing older.
On one hand, the elderly’s lives are better guaranteed by governments in the current era. In the past when there existed wars and other disasters like famine, old citizens cannot enjoy their lives comfortably and their safety may even be threatened. However, with peace and development becoming the mainstream currently, governments of most countries focus on economic development. Then, the social welfare system could function better to maintain the life quality of the elderly and their security could be ensured as well .
On the other hand, it seems that seniors also have new problems contemporarily. In the past when individuals lived close to their extended family, the emotional ties among them were much stronger and the old might not feel lonely. However, people nowadays intend to dwell individually in order to better protect their privacy and freedom. Such a phenomenon leads to that many old people have to live separately from their children, because of which they are prone to feel being isolated at present.
From my own perspective, these two opinions do not necessarily contradict each other and both of them reflect the truth about the elderly’s lives. It is true that modern technology enables senior citizens to better enjoy their lives. For example, laundry machines and intelligent vacuum cleaner robots successfully liberate the elderly from labor-intensive work, which allows them to spare more time on leisure activities. However, it cannot be denied that mental health may be a potential issue for many old people since they lack interaction with their children or other relatives. Thus, in order to really improve the elderly’s lives, the elderly could attempt to visit their children and friends more frequently to avoid mental diseases, such as depression.